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Selling Homemade Jams, Jellies, Preserves and Fruit Butters in Washington State (Cottage Foods)
Jams, Jellies, Preserves and Fruit Butters - Washington State Cottage Food Laws, Regulations and Facts
Under the cottage food law, there are certain types of low
risk food products , such as many jams and jellies, that may be
produced and sold out of your home kitchen with no inspection or
licensing requirements. Products sold with the "Cottage Food Permit"
must be considered "low risk" and can only be sold directly to the
end consumer at places such as farmers markets, farm stands and
seasonal events (e.g., harvest festivals) or through CSAs.
Standardized jams, jellies, preserves, and fruit butters are allowed.
However, the Cottage Food Operation Permit specifies that they must be
made with low risk recipes, with sugar and only certain types of fruit.
- Cottage Food Operations or CFO is
defined as "a person who produces cottage food products only in
the home kitchen of that person's primary domestic residence in
Washington and only for sale directly to the consumer."
- Cottage Food Products In Washington,
"cottage food products" are "non-potentially hazardous baked
goods, jams, jellies, preserves, and fruit butters as well as
other identified non-potentially hazardous products." In
general, non-potentially hazardous foods do not need to be
refrigerated to prevent bacterial growth that can make people
- "Home Kitchen" is a "kitchen primarily
intended for use by the residets of a home. It may contain one
or more stoves or ovens, which may be a double oven, designed
for residential use."
- "Domestic residence" is a "single-family
dwelling or an area within a rental unit where a single person
or family actually resides. A domestic residence does not
include: (a) A group or communal residential setting within any
type of structure; or (b) An outbuilding, shed, barn, or other
- Potentially Hazardous Foods are those
"requiring temperature control for safety because they are
capable of supporting the rapid growth of pathogenic or
toxigenic microorganisms, or the growth and toxin production of
- Apple, Apricot, Grape, Peach, Pear, Plum, Prune.
Fruit Jams & Other Preserves:
- Group I:
Blackberry (other than dewberry), Black
Blueberry, Boysenberry, Cherry, Crabapple, Dewberry (other
boysenberry, loganberry, and youngberry) Elderberry, Grape,
Grapefruit, Huckleberry, Loganberry, Orange, Pineapple, Raspberry,
Red Raspberry, Rhubarb, Strawberry, Tangerine, Tomato,
- Group II:
Apricot, Cranberry, Damson Plum, Fig,
Greengage Plum, Guava, Nectarine, Peach, Pear, Plum
Greengage Plum and Damson Plum), Quince, Red Currant, Currant
than black currant)
- Apple, Apricot, Blackberry, Black Raspberry, Boysenberry, Cherry,
Crabapple, Cranberry, Currant (other than black currant), Damson Plum,
Dewberry, Fig, Gooseberry, Grape, Grapefruit, Greengage Plum, Guava,
Loganberry, Orange, Peach, Pineapple, Plum, Pomegranate, Prickly Pear,
Quince, Raspberry, Red Raspberry, Red Currant, Strawberry, Youngberry.
Sugar is not just a flavoring but also has preservative and safety
properties, so there are state requirements for sugar content:
- Fruit Butter: : ".shall contain not less than 5 parts by
weight of the fruit ingredient. to each 2 parts by weight of the (sugar)
ingredient." This roughly equals 0.4 lbs of sugar to 1 lb of fruit.
- Fruit Jams and other Preserves: "Group 1 fruits must have 47
parts by weight of the fruit ingredients to each 55 parts by weight of
the (sugar) ingredient; and in all other cases, 45 parts by weight of
the fruit ingredients to each 55 parts by weight of the (sugar)
ingredient." This roughly equals to 1.17 lbs of sugar to 1 lb of fruit
for Group 1 fruits and 1.2 lbs of sugar to 1 lb of fruit for all other
- Fruit Jelly: ".shall contain not less than 45 parts by weight
of the fruit juice ingredient. to each 55 parts by weight of the (sugar)
ingredient." This roughly equals 1.2 lbs of sugar to 1 lb of fruit.
Allowed Optional Ingredients
Besides the basic recipe of
- lemon juice and
the following ingredients are permitted:
- Spices - Only the dried, ground form of spices are allowed (no fresh
- Buffering Agents
- Antifoaming Agents (Except those derived from animal fats, ie:
Products that are produced and sold with the Cottage Food
Operation Permit must include the following information on their
labels. See the examples of bad and good labels at right.
- Name of Cottage Food Operation.
- Physical address of
Cottage Food Operation.
- Product name.
- Ingredient list,
including a break down to the smallest sub-ingredients.
Identification of any allergens (e.g., wheat, eggs, peanuts,
soybeans, tree nuts, fish, and crustacean shellfish).
or volume in U.S. measures.
- The statement: "Made in a home
kitchen that has not been subject to standard inspection
Where may Cottage Food Production Operations sell the food products?
Cottage Food Products can only be sold directly to the end
consumer at places such as farmers markets, farm stands and seasonal
events (e.g., harvest festivals) or through CSAs.
They may not be
sold across state lines. In other words, only be sold
within the state. Internet sales must be picked up or delivered in
person within Washington State. Cottage food products may not be
shipped. For example, a cottage food operator can sell their cottage
food products online and accept payment online, but pick-up must
occur at either the cottage food operator's home OR the cottage food
operator may deliver to the end consumer.
- Application Form: The fee is $230 (2020
it is for a first time application
(click here for the application and more information)
It is a big form and may take a minute to load. If you see
a "404 error": the link is broken, please
write me and I'll find the new copy for you - The, um, how can I put this politely?
um, web designer TWITS at the state of Washington, change the
url every time the change the form - instead of using a modicum
of intelligence and simply replacing the form at the existing
address or redirecting the old url to the new.... Pardon
me for venting, but the web people at the state are truly ...
frustrating for making it difficult for people to get to their
forms by constantly changing the address, and thus breaking
links to it.
Here's a saved copy of the form dated: April 2020
- Cottage food operations may sell up to $25,000 of their
cottage food products each year with the Cottage Food Operations
- All cottage food products sold must be sold directly to the end consumer by
the permitted Cottage Food Operator. Under the Cottage Food
Operations Permit, Cottage food products
cannot be sold to restaurants, grocery stores, coffee shops,
bakeries, or wholesale to any other business.
Overview of the process
help with the application process:(
This page currently has the complete step-by-step process.)
Questions? Contact Information:
Please contact the WSDA Food Safety Program at