How Can I Sell My Home-Canned Foods, Like Jams, Salsa, Sauces, Fruits and Vegetables

This month's notes: July 2014: Spring is here! Strawberries are ready in Florida, most of the Deep South, Texas and California, then in late May and early June for most of the country and cooler northern areas. Find a local strawberry festival and strawberry picking tips here. See how easy it is to make strawberry jam or strawberry-rhubarb jam! Make your own homemade strawberry ice cream including low fat, low sugar and other flavors)) Blueberries are ripe in June and July in most locations!  Find blueberry picking tips, recipes, freezing directions on this page. Find a local blueberry festival here. Have fun and save money by picking your own locally grown fruit and vegetables, and then using our easy canning and freezing directions!

Organic farms are identified in green!  See our guide to local fruit and vegetable festivals!. Please tell the farms you found them here - and ask them to update their information!!

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Can I Sell My Home-Canned Salsa, Jams and Other Preserves?

Have you got a great recipe for home-made salsa, jam, jelly or other home-canned food? Your friends and family tell you that you should go into business selling it? And now you're wondering what it would take to actually sell your award-winning tomato salsa, apple butter, applesauce or strawberry jam? This page should answer your questions to help you Decide if it's right for you!

The production and sales of processed foods is governed by state and federal regulations. Each state is different, so proper advice is needed from a specialist in each state. Some states allow sales at farmer's markets of select foods; others prohibit sales altogether.

A licensed kitchen

Food must be produced, processed, and held in a manner which prevents spoilage and contamination to keep it wholesome. Processing establishments must submit to unannounced inspections of the building and grounds. Unhealthy or ill persons must not be allowed to handle foods and pets are not allowed. For these reasons and others, home kitchens are not usually considered appropriate for processing purposes. In order to sell your homemade jams on a commercial basis, in most states, you'll need to have your kitchen meet commercial grade kitchen standards and pass a health department inspection, like a restaurant. People who have done this tell me it can easily cost $50,000 to convert a home kitchen.

I've heard that there are a handful of states that have small quantity exceptions and exceptions for church sales, etc., but I haven't see a comprehensive list.  If you know where to find your state's webpage of rules for selling home canned goods, please send it to me, and I'll make a list here.

Canneries and licensed kitchens - One way around this is to prepare your batches in kitchen that is already licensed. Some people rent restaurant kitchens during their off-hours and do the prep and canning there. In some cases, a local cannery is the way to go.  If they are licensed as a commercial kitchen (and many are), then you will be able to avoid the need and expense to rent a restaurant kitchen. See this page for local canneries.

Copackers manufacture and package foods for other companies to sell.  These products range from nationally-known brands to private labels.  Entrepreneurs choose to use the services of copackers for many reasons.  Copackers can provide entrepreneurs with a variety of services in addition to manufacturing and packaging products.  They can often help in the formulation of the product.  The copacker may function only as a packer of other people's products or may be in business with his own product line.  They may be, in fact, manufacturing several competing products.  The range of services available from a copacker will vary depending on the size and experience of the copacker and the type of facilities and the capacity of their plant. See this page for more information about how to choose a copacker.

Other licenses

You may also need a state and/or local (city) business license. Your states' "secretary of state" or taxation can tell you - look on your state's government website. You may also need to check local zoning laws, if you plan canning at home and/or selling from home. 

The product liability issue

As you may have noticed in news stores, anyone that sells prepared foods is beset with false (and real) claims of food poisoning, finding strange objects in the jars and loads of lawsuits.  It can be a fulltime job just fighting the frivolous lawsuits.

And there are the real cases: canning meats and dairy is very challenging to do at home; the risks are much greater for food poisoning than for high acid fruits and vegetables (like jam, applesauce and salsa).  The latter are much safer, but still pose some risks. On the other hand low acid foods like canned green beans are more risky than high acid foods, but a bit safer than meats and dairy.

One advantage of using a co-packer is, since you never touch the product, your liability is greatly reduced.  You "piggyback" on theco-packers production and liability insurance.

Lab Testing

Obviously, you will need to test your products. Shelf-life determination of your product can be quite complicated. Shelf-life has many components, but can be broken down into three main categories:

  • microbiological
  • chemical
  • organoleptic (sensory characteristics)  

See this page for more information about testing.

See this page for a list of labs that can test your foods.

Food Regulations

Beyond the requirement to prepare the food in a licensed kitchen, there are food preparation, testing and labeling laws. Packaged foods, those which are wrapped and labeled for consumer purchase, are regulated by state agencies, usually under federal authority. Food regulations can be confusing and often complicated. In many cases, a single food product or production facility may be covered by multiple jurisdictions. Almost all processing of foods requires prior notification to the regulatory agency.

Because of the many rules for processing and preparing food for sale, the entrepreneur is advised to consult an expert prior to investing in a food processing venture. As in any business venture, know and understand the rules before you get started.

Most packaged foods are regulated by your state's Department of Agriculture.  In some cases , there are exceptions (see your state's rules and local resources here) but you still want to follow all of the best practices, to avoid making anyone sick! There also are some basic regulations that all processing facilities must follow.  They include Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP's) and Sanitation Standard Operation Procedures (SSOP's).

SSOP's are written procedures for sanitation activities. Click here for detailed information regarding SSOP's.

Processed and packaged foods are regulated by the FDA.  They publish GMP's, which are regulations set forth to ensure that every aspect of a new product, from formulation to processing to packaging and labeling to even distribution keeps the best quality product available to consumers. GMP's are defined by the Code of Federal Regulations 21 CFR 110 as they are fundamental to food safety. The main topics discussed by this document include personnel, plant and grounds, sanitary operations, sanitary facilities and controls, equipment and utensils, processes and controls, warehousing and distribution, and natural or unavoidable defects. For a complete GMP checklist click here.

These regulations consist of Section 100 and 101 concerning labeling and Section 110 which covers Good Manufacturing Practices along with other sections that contain Standards of Identity, acceptable ingredients, and other rules. In special cases where foods are preserved with added acid or low-acid foods are canned, (pH at 4.6 and above) Sections 114 and 113 apply, respectively. These sections have special requirements, such as establishment registration under Section 108, filing of a scheduled process, and processing and packaging under the operating control of a certified supervisor.

Products held under constant refrigeration, or that are determined to be naturally acid foods with a pH of  4.6, or have a water activity (aw) of 0.85 are not covered by the provisions of 21CFR 113 or 114. However, Good Manufacturing Practices (21CFR 110) requires that adequate controls be in place to assure the products continue to meet these parameters.

There are also special regulations for canned foods specifically. Those regulations can all be found the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations.

  • Meat and Poultry
    9 CFR Parts 300-592

Labeling

Labeling requires its own explanation. "Labeling" includes all labels and any other written, printed, or graphic materials, either attached to an article or any of its containers or wrappers or accompanying the article. Brochures and other Point of Sale accompanying a food product are also considered labeling, particularly if they name or feature the food.

So who is responsible for correct labeling? In those instances where the buyer provides or prescribes the labeling, they may be held responsible, IN ADDITION TO, rather then instead of, the processor. A processor who ships unlabeled goods to be processed, labeled, or repacked at an establishment other than one he owns must have a written agreement between himself and the buyer, setting forth the specifications to be followed in labeling the goods.

See this page for news and other information about food labeling and nutrition..

With rising concerns as to food allergies the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004 requires use of common English names for the major food allergens. Tree nuts must identify specific nuts such as "almonds", "pecans", or "walnuts". Also, fish and shellfish must identify species such as "tuna", "bass", "flounder", "shrimp", and "lobster". It also requires the labeling for flavors, colors, and incidental additives if they contain allergens. No minimum level of allergen is required before labeling is placed on the package. It is required regardless of the amount present in the product.

There are exemptions from the requirements for nutrition labeling (not ALL labeling requirements), provided there are no nutrition claims or other nutrition information on the label or in advertising. The exemptions apply to those firms:

  1. of fewer than 100 full-time employees

  2. that sell fewer than 100,000 units of a particular food, in any 12 month period

  3. sold direct to consumers,

Your labels will probably also require a SKU, which is a unique number assigned by the store, to track sales of inventory. A UPC code and account are assigned by an independent company; they give you an account plus a bank of numbers unique to your product. If you're just starting out, though, the co-packer may let you use a variation of their existing UPC account on your product.

For labeling help, there are many places you can go for information:

 Nutrition labeling questions and concerns can be taken to the FDA website for more guidance (Food Labeling Guide).

Paperwork

Almost all of the above issues involve some degree of paperwork. Most of the paperwork filed will be directly with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Paperwork dealing specifically with acidified foods (such as pickled foods and salsa) is a great area of importance. More information about filing an acidified food with the FDA can be found here.The FDA prefers that all paperwork is filed online.

Business Aspects

Presumably, you want to do this to make a profit (not to lose money or break even). You need to think through and be able to address these questions:

Do I understand the basic marketing aspects of my product?

  • Product Features
  • Target Audience
  • Competition
  • Demand
  • Price of Product
  • Cost of Manufacturing of Product (facilities, utilities, ingredients, packaging, licensing and governmental fees)
  • Other indirect costs (advertising, phones, postage, transportation, insurance)
  • Hidden costs, like a slotting fee, which is a payoff to induce a store to stock your product - it's unavoidable with the big chains. Depending upon the store, they charge a few hundred dollars per store to place your product. But, if you're a small player distributing to smaller specialty and gourmet shops, you probably won't encounter slotting fees. Also expect to give away free cases with your paid orders, and spend time providing lots and lots of in-store sampling.

Am I ready to start a food business?

  • Personal Characteristics
  • Business Plan
  • Time Commitment
  • Contacts & Assistance
  • Financial Status & Resources
  • Labor Pool & Costs

Still interested?

Now, if you are still interested in selling your homemade products; go for it! But be sure to consult a good lawyer, your state agriculture department (try your county extension agent) and your local health department first to understand what you need to do to be legal and to protect your business!

Preserving food for your own home (or non-commercial) use is not regulated; however, food preservation and processing for commercial purposes (i.e., for sale) is regulated. There are federal level regulations from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (also USDA for meat and poultry products), state level regulations, and often county or city regulations. For a start, most states require that you have an inspected, licensed kitchen.  Just meeting the physical requirements often means spending tens of thousands of dollars to convert your home kitchen.

Some home canners gone commercial get around this by renting a commercially licensed kitchen, such as a restaurant's kitchen, during their off-hours.

Even then, there are product liability issues.  If one jerk claims that he found a mouse in your jar of jam, the legal defense could wipe you out.

People HAVE done it: Famous Amos, Mrs. Fields are a couple examples of ordinary people who decided to sell their homemade foods.  But they also had a lot of legal advice and financial backing. See below for many more resources:

Processed Food Business Resources

  1. First stop is to see what the U.S. FDA has to say at “Starting a Food Business”:
    http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~comm/foodbiz.html

    If you are wanting to sell canned, low-acid or acidified foods, also see “Acidified and Low-Acid Canned Foods”: http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~comm/lacf-toc.html
     
  2. Search through some of the internet sites from Cooperative Extension Service programs or some other state-specific sites listed below. An excellent source is this web page from Penn State University Department of Food Science: http://foodsafety.cas.psu.edu/processor/resources.htm#Before
     
  3. Contact your county Cooperative Extension Agent to locate a program in your state or contact your state university's Food Science program. See: http://www.csrees.usda.gov/Extension/index.html for a clickable map of contacts who can lead you to the right person. (This site is maintained by USDA, not the NCHFP.)
     
  4. Check your state's Department of Agriculture for resources. The National Association of State Departments of Agriculture maintain a web site with links to state departments of agriculture at: http://www.nasda.org/nasda/nasda/member_information/usmap.htm
     
  5. Look for "Value Added" programs that encourage small scale processing of foods. An example of a value added process is when a strawberry grower turns his strawberries into jam. Many state university Extension or other agriculture programs, state departments of agriculture or rural development centers have value-added initiatives and assistance. An internet search using terms such as “valued added agriculture” generates a list of web sites.
     
  6. Check to see if your state has an incubator kitchen program. Some states have programs that help entrepreneurs develop recipes to commercialize. These are usually test kitchens that share resources. Again, state Departments of Agriculture or a state university's food science department are good leads for finding incubator programs.
     
  7. It is important to look for state-specific resources to help you know what regulations will apply to your situation. However, if you want to jump-start your thinking about whether a food processing business is right for you, this web page from Penn State University Department of Food Science has some links to helpful reading for early decision making: http://foodsafety.cas.psu.edu/processor/ent_res_text2.htm#Before

Related stories and articles


Books

Sell Your Specialty Food: Market, Distribute, and Profit from Your Kitchen Creation (Paperback)
by Stephen Hall

In Sell Your Specialty Food, Stephen Hall outlines every food marketing opportunity and then supports entrepreneurial action with detailed guidance. Whether you own a business or you are thinking about starting one, Hall will show you how to:

  • Identify a winning product and its most appropriate markets.
  • Get your product ready to market.
  • Advertise, promote, and sell your product.
  • Create your own success niche. Professionalize your business.
  • Also included is updated information about the role of the Internet, health and organic food markets, the latest government regulations and technological advances, and contact information for dozens of valuable resources.

How to Start a Home-Based Catering Business, 5th (Home-Based Business Series) (Paperback)
by Denise Vivaldo

Description
From pricing your services to honing your food presentation skills, this comprehensive guide provides a wealth of information about building a home-based catering business.
From the Back Cover
Are you passionate about parties? Do you live to cook? Now you can realize your dream of working from home at something you enjoy - a home-based catering business. Author Denise Vivaldo shares her experiences and advice on every aspect of setting up and running a thriving home-based catering business, from estimating your start-up costs and finding clients to outfitting your kitchen and staying profitable. She even offers tips on the latest high-tech help, including CD-ROM recipe books, culinary Web sites, and computer software designed especially for chefs and caterers. Learn all about defining your market niche, selling yourself as a pro, establishing your daily schedule, pricing your services, organizing parties with ease, honing your food presentation skills, avoiding the 10 most common home-based mistakes and much more.

 

Other food business links

Federal Resources for Small Businesses


Credit is due to NC State Extension, VPI (Virgina Tech), Brian A. Nummer, Ph.D. and Elizabeth L. Andress, Ph. D., both of the National Center for Home Food Preservation for most of this information! 


If you have any information to update this synopsis, please write me!


Cooperative Extension Program Links and State Food Regulations

State Resources
Alabama Starting A Food Processing Business? What You Should Know Before You Get Started
(HE-753, New May 1998, Alabama Cooperative Extension System)
http://www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/H/HE-0753/

(PDF version of above)
http://www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/H/HE-0753/HE-0753.pdf

 
Alaska State food safety contacts for Cooperative Extension Service, Alaska:
http://www.idea.iastate.edu/foodsafety/state_contacts.asp?state_id=2

 
Arizona Direct Farm Marketing and Tourism Handbook
University of Arizona, Agricultural and Resource Economics:
http://ag.arizona.edu/arec/pubs/dmkt/dmkt.html

 
California University of California-Davis, UC Food Safety Website
From Kitchen to Market Manufacturing Options
Getting Started in the Food Business
www.ucfoodsafety.ucdavis.edu

 
Colorado State food safety contacts for Cooperative Extension Service, Colorado:
http://www.idea.iastate.edu/foodsafety/state_contacts.asp?state_id=7

 
Connecticut Northeast Center for Food Entrepreneurship
(A Partnership of Cornell University and University of Vermont):
http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/necfe/index.html

 
Delaware State food safety contacts for Cooperative Extension Service, Delaware:
http://www.idea.iastate.edu/foodsafety/state_contacts.asp?state_id=9

 
Florida University of Florida Center for Agribusiness:
http://www.agbuscenter.ifas.ufl.edu

 
Georgia Getting Started in the Food Specialty Business,
University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Service Bulletin 1051:
http://www.uga.edu/nchfp/business/food_business.pdf

Is Your Agribusiness Project Feasible?,
University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Service Bulletin 1066: (pdf only)
http://pubs.caes.uga.edu/caespubs/pubs/pdf/B1066.pdf

Starting a New Food Business Website, with helpful links to regulations and University of Georgia Food Science and Technology resources available to help:
http://www.efsonline.uga.edu/EFS_NFB/index.htm

Don't miss this!

Starting A New Food Business in Georgia
The link to more info is https://estore.uga.edu/C21653_ustores/web/product_detail.jsp?PRODUCTID=1092

Tuesday (1-5 pm) and Wednesday (8-5)
October 9-10, 2012
Extension Food Science Teaching Facility
242 Food Science Bldg., 100 Cedar Street
University of Georgia Campus
Athens, Georgia 30602

 
Hawaii Some Costs and Considerations for Establishing an Entrepreneurial Community Shared-Use Kitchen or "Test-Kitchen" Incubator,
University of Hawaii Cooperative Extension Service Publication FMT-2:
http://www2.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/FMT-2.pdf

 
Idaho University of Idaho, Food Science & Toxicology Web Site
Food Processing Extension Programs:
http://www.ag.uidaho.edu/fst/food_processing_extension_programs.htm

 
Illinois University of Illinois, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics Website
Illinois Specialty Farm Products:
http://web.aces.uiuc.edu/value/

 
Indiana Purdue University, Department of Food Science,
Value-Added Processing Assistance Website:
http://www.foodsci.purdue.edu/outreach/feep

 
Iowa Iowa State University Extension,
Website - Kitchen Incubators & Other Food-Related Small Business:
http://www.extension.iastate.edu/incubator/

Selling Food Products,
North Central Regional Extension Publication No. 259:
http://www.extension.iastate.edu/Publications/NCR259.pdf

Iowa Laws: Sale of Home-Prepared Foods,
Iowa State University Extension Publication PM 1294:
http://www.extension.iastate.edu/Publications/PM1294.pdf

 
Kansas Kansas State University, Department of Animal Sciences and Industry Website:
Value Added Services and Programs:
http://www.oznet.ksu.edu/meatscience/ValueAdded.htm

Kansas Department of Commerce, Agriculture Marketing Development
http://kdoch.state.ks.us/public/agency/divisions/div_details.jsp?divId=997990295060

 
Kentucky Home-Based Business: Making & Selling Food Products in Kentucky,
University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service Publication H.E. 9-100:
http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/FCS9/FCS9100/FCS9100.pdf

 
Louisiana Louisiana State University, Food Science Department:
http://www.agctr.lsu.edu/foodscience/

 
Massachusettes Northeast Center for Food Entrepreneurship
(A Partnership of Cornell University and University of Vermont):
http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/necfe/index.html

 
Maine Starting a Home Business in Tough Times,
University of Maine Cooperative Extension Bulletin #4154:
http://www.umext.maine.edu/onlinepubs/htmpubs/4154.htm

 
Maryland State food safety contacts for Cooperative Extension Service, Maryland:
http://www.idea.iastate.edu/foodsafety/state_contacts.asp?state_id=22

 
Michigan Food Regulations For Small Home Business,
Michigan State University Extension Publication Small Business Bulletin E317921:
http://www.msue.msu.edu/msue/imp/modsb/e2317921.html

 
Minnesota Starting a Food Business in Minnesota
Minnesota Department of Agriculture Publication:
http://www.mda. state.mn.us/dairyfood/startingfoodbiz.pdf

University of Minnesota, Department of Food Science and Nutrition Website - Pilot Plant:
http://fscn.che.umn.edu/services/pilot_plant.html

 
Mississippi Exploring the Potential for New Food Products,
Mississippi State University Food and Fiber Center,
Extension Service Publication 2170:
http://msucares.com/pubs/publications/p2170.pdf

Considerations Before Starting a Small Food-Processing Business,
Mississippi State University Extension Service Information Sheet 1554
http://msucares.com/pubs/infosheets/is1554.htm  

 
Missouri State of Missouri - Frequently asked questions

University of Missouri, Outreach and Extension Website -
Missouri Value Added Development Center:
http://valueadded.missouri.edu/index.htm

Getting from Idea to Implementation,
Missouri Department of Agriculture AG Innovation Guide:
http://www.aginnovationcenter.org/IdeatoImplementation.pdf


Montana Starting A Specialty Food Business,
Montana State University Extension Service Resource Guide:
http://www.montana.edu/extensionnutrition/docs/FoodBusinessResourceGuide.pdf

Montana State University, Extension Service Web Site (online training series) -
Growing A Small Business and Staying on Top:
http://www.montana.edu/%7Ewwwcommd/newbusiness.htm

 
Nebraska University of Nebraska, The Food Processing Center Web Site - 
http://www.fpc.unl.edu

University of Nebraska, The Food Processing Center Web Site -
Food Entrepreneur Assistance Program:
http://fpc.unl.edu/marketing/ent.htm

 
Nevada State food safety contacts for Cooperative Extension Service, Nevada:
http://www.idea.iastate.edu/foodsafety/state_contacts.asp?state_id=31  

 
New Hampshire New Hampshire Specialty Food Producers Handbook and Resource Guide,
University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension Publication:
http://ceinfo.unh.edu/Family/Documents/Sf_intro.pdf

Northeast Center for Food Entrepreneurship
(A Partnership of Cornell University and the University of Vermont):
http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/necfe/index.html 

 
New Jersey Rutgers State University, NJ Agricultural Experiment Station Web Site -
Food Innovation Research & Extension Center (FIRE):
http://www.foodinnovation.rutgers.edu 

 
New Mexico State food safety contacts for Cooperative Extension Service, New Mexico:
http://www.idea.iastate.edu/foodsafety/state_contacts.asp?state_id=34

In the Specialty Food Business, Getting Started Is No Piece of Cake,
New Mexico State University Cooperative Extension Service News Release:
http://www.cahe.nmsu.edu/news/1996/081996_testkitchen.html

 
New York Northeast Center for Food Entrepreneurship (at Cornell University)
http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/necfe/index.html   

New York State Food Venture Center Publications (at Cornell University):
http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/necfe/pubs/pubs.html
 
North Carolina North Carolina State University, Cooperative Extension Web Site -
Developing a Food Business:
http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/foodsci/ext/programs/ncfood/faq.html

North Carolina State University, Cooperative Extension Web Site -
Publications for Developing a Food Business:
http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/foodsci/ext/programs/ncfood/pubs.html 

 
North Dakota Food Entrepreneur, your Resource Guide to the Food Industry,
North Dakota State University Extension Service Online publication:
http://www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/cdfs/foodent/fex-2.html

Developing a New Co-Owned Agricultural Business: How do we Start a Value-Added Firm?,
North Dakota State University Extension Service Publication EC-1137:
http://www.ext.nodak.edu/extpubs/agecon/market/ec1137w.htm  

 
Ohio Ohio State University, Food Science and Technology Web Site -
Gould Food Industries Center:
http://www.fst.osu.edu/fic/foodpp.htm

Ohio State University, College of Food, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Web Site -
Small Business Series (Entrepreneurhsip, Home Business & Micro Enterprises):
http://ohioline.osu.edu/lines/busi.html#BCDEV 

 
Oklahoma Oklahoma State University, Oklahoma Food and Agricultural Products Research and Technology Center Website:
http://www.fapc.okstate.edu/ 

 
Oregon Oregon State university and Oregon Department of Agriculture Web Site -
Food Innovation Center:
http://fic.oregonstate.edu

Oregond State University, Extension Service News Release (and contact for Food Marketing Specialist) -
OSU to Offer "Food School":
http://extension.oregonstate.edu/news/story.php?S_No=47&storyType=news 

 
Pennsylvania Penn State University, Deparment of Food Science Web Site -
Resources for Small Food Processors & Potential Entrepreneurs
http://foodsafety.cas.psu.edu/processor/ent_res_text2.htm 

 
Rhode Island Northeast Center for Food Entrepreneursheip
(A Partnership of Cornell University and University of Vermont):
http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/necfe/index.html 

 
South Carolina Starting a Food Business: An Overview,
Clemson Extension Home & Garden Information Center Publication HGIC 3867:
http://hgic.clemson.edu/factsheets/HGIC3867.htm  

 
South Dakota South Dakota Department of Agriculture, Division of Ag Development Web Site -
The Value Added And Crop Marketing Program:
http://www.state.sd.us/doa/ag_dev/marketing/crop.htm

State food safety contacts for Cooperative Extension Service, South Dakota:
http://www.idea.iastate.edu/foodsafety/state_contacts.asp?state_id=46

 
Tennessee Getting Started in a Food Manufacturing Business in Tennessee,
University of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service Publication PB1399:
http://utextension.tennessee.edu/publications/Documents/pb1399.pdf

Starting Your Own Wine Business
,
University of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service Publication PB1688:
http://utextension.tennessee.edu/publications/Documents/PB1688.pdf


Considerations for a Value-Added Agribusiness,
University of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service Publication PB1642:
http://utextension.tennessee.edu/publications/Documents/pb1642.pdf

Design and Construction of Food Processing Operations,
University of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service Publication ADC Info #18:
http://cpa.utk.edu/pdffiles/adc18.pdf

Texas Texas A&M University, Texas Cooperative Extension Web Site -
Home-Based & Micro Business, Entrepreneurship:
http://fcs.tamu.edu/money/your_business/index.php

Adding Value to Agricultural Products,
Texas A&M University Agricultural Extension Service Publication L-5361:
http://tcebookstore.org/pubinfo.cfm?pubid=1302

Evaluating Your Value-Added Business Plan,
Texas A&M University Agricultural Extension Service Publication L-5438:
http://tcebookstore.org/pubinfo.cfm?pubid=1708
 

 
Utah
State food safety contacts for Cooperative Extension Service, Utah:
http://www.idea.iastate.edu/foodsafety/state_contacts.asp?state_id=49  

 
Vermont Northeast center for Food Entrepreneurship
(A Partnership of Cornell University and University of Vermont):
http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/necfe/index.html  

 
Virginia Starting a Food Processing Business in Virginia,
Virginia Tech Cooperative Extension Publication 348-963:
http://www.ext.vt.edu/pubs/foods/348-963/348-963.html  

 
Washington Producing Value-Added Products for Market: Start with Food Safety,
Washington State University Cooperative Extension Publication EB-1902:
http://cru.cahe.wsu.edu/CEPublications/eb1902/EB1902.pdf

Value-Added Enterprises for Small-Scale Farmers,
Washington State University Cooperative Extension, King County,
Agriculture and Natural Resources Fact Sheet #518:
http://www.metrokc.gov/dchs/csd/wsu-ce/agriculture/PDFs/ValueAdded.pdf

Washington State University, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition Web Site -
Food Processing Pilot Plant:
http://pilotplant.bsyse.wsu.edu

 
West Virginia State food safety contacts for Cooperative Extension Service, West Virginia:
http://www.idea.iastate.edu/foodsafety/state_contacts.asp?state_id=54  

 
Wisconsin University of Wisconsin, Cooperative Extension Web Site -
Starting a Value-Added Farm-Food Business:
http://www.uwex.edu/ces/agmarkets/starting.html  

 
Wyoming Wyoming Business Council Division of Agriculture.
If your business is agriculture-related, the Wyoming Business Council Division of Agriculture may be able to offer you assistance with marketing, market research and training. Call Bill Bunce at (307) 777-6581.
http://uwadmnweb.uwyo.edu/SBDC/starting/opportunities.htm

Wyoming Business Council Web Site -
Promoting Products "Made in Wyoming":
http://www.wyomingbusiness.org/ag/ag_wyfirst.aspx

University of Wyoming, Small Business Development Center Web Site:
http://uwadmnweb.uwyo.edu/SBDC/
 

Credit is due to Brian A. Nummer, Ph.D. and Elizabeth L. Andress, Ph. D., both of the National Center for Home Food Preservation for most of this information!


Remember to ALWAYS call the farm or orchard BEFORE you go - weather, heavy picking and business conditions can always affect their hours and crops!


PYO Farms in Other Countries: [ Australia ] [ Canada ] [ South Africa ] [ New Zealand ] [ United Kingdom ]

Our other free, informative sites you may like:

EHSO.com - Environmental health and safety information and guidance for the home
ConsumerFraudReporting.org - Information about identity theft, frauds and scams; how to report them and how to protect your identity.
FitnessAndHealthScience.org - Practical fitness, health and diet information that works.
And our other related websites!


Care to Donate to help me keep the website going? Donate to me at Benevia here:

Use the feedback form for questions, comments and feedback about farmsUse this form suggest a farm to add to the website
Or as a last result (I reply to the forms FIRST),write me at 
 Write to pickyourown.org
All images and text  Copyright ©
Benivia, LLC 2004 - 2012 All rights reserved.   
Disclaimer and Privacy Policy
Permission is given to link to any page on www.pickyourown.org Do NOT copy and republish this page in whole or part, that is a copyright violation which will be prosecuted: link to the page instead!
Looking for jobs on farms?  Farmers:
If you'd like to advertise or have your own web page(s), click here!


Remember to ALWAYS call the farm or orchard BEFORE you go - weather, heavy picking and business conditions can always affect their hours and crops!


PYO Farms in Other Countries: [ Australia ] [ Canada ] [ South Africa ] [ New Zealand ] [ United Kingdom ]

Our other free, informative sites you may like:

EHSO.com - Environmental health and safety information and guidance for the home
ConsumerFraudReporting.org - Information about identity theft, frauds and scams; how to report them and how to protect your identity.
FitnessAndHealthScience.org - Practical fitness, health and diet information that works.
And our other related websites!


Care to Donate to help me keep the website going? Donate to me at Benevia here:

Use the feedback form for questions, comments and feedback about farmsUse this form suggest a farm to add to the website
Or as a last result (I reply to the forms FIRST),write me at 
 Write to pickyourown.org
All images and text  Copyright ©
Benivia, LLC 2004 - 2012 All rights reserved.   
Disclaimer and Privacy Policy
Permission is given to link to any page on www.pickyourown.org Do NOT copy and republish this page in whole or part, that is a copyright violation which will be prosecuted: link to the page instead!
Looking for jobs on farms?  Farmers:
If you'd like to advertise or have your own web page(s), click here!


Remember to ALWAYS call the farm or orchard BEFORE you go - weather, heavy picking and business conditions can always affect their hours and crops!


PYO Farms in Other Countries: [ Australia ] [ Canada ] [ South Africa ] [ New Zealand ] [ United Kingdom ]

Our other free, informative sites you may like:

EHSO.com - Environmental health and safety information and guidance for the home
ConsumerFraudReporting.org - Information about identity theft, frauds and scams; how to report them and how to protect your identity.
FitnessAndHealthScience.org - Practical fitness, health and diet information that works.
And our other related websites!


Care to Donate to help me keep the website going? Donate to me at Benevia here:

Use the feedback form for questions, comments and feedback about farmsUse this form suggest a farm to add to the website
Or as a last result (I reply to the forms FIRST),write me at 
 Write to pickyourown.org
All images and text  Copyright ©
Benivia, LLC 2004 - 2012 All rights reserved.   
Disclaimer and Privacy Policy
Permission is given to link to any page on www.pickyourown.org Do NOT copy and republish this page in whole or part, that is a copyright violation which will be prosecuted: link to the page instead!
Looking for jobs on farms?  Farmers:
If you'd like to advertise or have your own web page(s), click here!


Remember to ALWAYS call the farm or orchard BEFORE you go - weather, heavy picking and business conditions can always affect their hours and crops!


PYO Farms in Other Countries: [ Australia ] [ Canada ] [ South Africa ] [ New Zealand ] [ United Kingdom ]

Our other free, informative sites you may like:

EHSO.com - Environmental health and safety information and guidance for the home
ConsumerFraudReporting.org - Information about identity theft, frauds and scams; how to report them and how to protect your identity.
FitnessAndHealthScience.org - Practical fitness, health and diet information that works.
And our other related websites!


Care to Donate to help me keep the website going? Donate to me at Benevia here:

Use the feedback form for questions, comments and feedback about farmsUse this form suggest a farm to add to the website
Or as a last result (I reply to the forms FIRST),write me at 
 Write to pickyourown.org
All images and text  Copyright ©
Benivia, LLC 2004 - 2012 All rights reserved.   
Disclaimer and Privacy Policy
Permission is given to link to any page on www.pickyourown.org Do NOT copy and republish this page in whole or part, that is a copyright violation which will be prosecuted: link to the page instead!
Looking for jobs on farms?  Farmers:
If you'd like to advertise or have your own web page(s), click here!


Remember to ALWAYS call the farm or orchard BEFORE you go - weather, heavy picking and business conditions can always affect their hours and crops!


PYO Farms in Other Countries: [ Australia ] [ Canada ] [ South Africa ] [ New Zealand ] [ United Kingdom ]

Our other free, informative sites you may like:

EHSO.com - Environmental health and safety information and guidance for the home
ConsumerFraudReporting.org - Information about identity theft, frauds and scams; how to report them and how to protect your identity.
FitnessAndHealthScience.org - Practical fitness, health and diet information that works.
And our other related websites!


Care to Donate to help me keep the website going? Donate to me at Benevia here:

Use the feedback form for questions, comments and feedback about farmsUse this form suggest a farm to add to the website
Or as a last result (I reply to the forms FIRST),write me at 
 Write to pickyourown.org
All images and text  Copyright ©
Benivia, LLC 2004 - 2012 All rights reserved.   
Disclaimer and Privacy Policy
Permission is given to link to any page on www.pickyourown.org Do NOT copy and republish this page in whole or part, that is a copyright violation which will be prosecuted: link to the page instead!
Looking for jobs on farms?  Farmers:
If you'd like to advertise or have your own web page(s), click here!


Remember to ALWAYS call the farm or orchard BEFORE you go - weather, heavy picking and business conditions can always affect their hours and crops!


PYO Farms in Other Countries: [ Australia ] [ Canada ] [ South Africa ] [ New Zealand ] [ United Kingdom ]

Our other free, informative sites you may like:

EHSO.com - Environmental health and safety information and guidance for the home
ConsumerFraudReporting.org - Information about identity theft, frauds and scams; how to report them and how to protect your identity.
FitnessAndHealthScience.org - Practical fitness, health and diet information that works.
And our other related websites!


Care to Donate to help me keep the website going? Donate to me at Benevia here:

Use the feedback form for questions, comments and feedback about farmsUse this form suggest a farm to add to the website
Or as a last result (I reply to the forms FIRST),write me at 
 Write to pickyourown.org
All images and text  Copyright ©
Benivia, LLC 2004 - 2012 All rights reserved.   
Disclaimer and Privacy Policy
Permission is given to link to any page on www.pickyourown.org Do NOT copy and republish this page in whole or part, that is a copyright violation which will be prosecuted: link to the page instead!
Looking for jobs on farms?  Farmers:
If you'd like to advertise or have your own web page(s), click here!


Remember to ALWAYS call the farm or orchard BEFORE you go - weather, heavy picking and business conditions can always affect their hours and crops!


PYO Farms in Other Countries: [ Australia ] [ Canada ] [ South Africa ] [ New Zealand ] [ United Kingdom ]

Our other free, informative sites you may like:

EHSO.com - Environmental health and safety information and guidance for the home
ConsumerFraudReporting.org - Information about identity theft, frauds and scams; how to report them and how to protect your identity.
FitnessAndHealthScience.org - Practical fitness, health and diet information that works.
And our other related websites!


Care to Donate to help me keep the website going? Donate to me at Benevia here:

Use the feedback form for questions, comments and feedback about farmsUse this form suggest a farm to add to the website
Or as a last result (I reply to the forms FIRST),write me at 
 Write to pickyourown.org
All images and text  Copyright ©
Benivia, LLC 2004 - 2012 All rights reserved.   
Disclaimer and Privacy Policy
Permission is given to link to any page on www.pickyourown.org Do NOT copy and republish this page in whole or part, that is a copyright violation which will be prosecuted: link to the page instead!
Looking for jobs on farms?  Farmers:
If you'd like to advertise or have your own web page(s), click here!