Fruit and Vegetable Conversions for Home Canning and Recipes - Weights, Volumes and Yields

This month's notes: August 2014: Blueberries, blackberries, raspberries tomatoes, corn and most vegetables are being picked in most places; strawberries are finishing or done; Peaches are in and early apples will start in late July. Find a local blueberry festival and blueberry picking tips here. See how easy it is to make strawberry jam or strawberry-rhubarb jam! Make your own homemade strawberry ice cream including low fat, low sugar and other flavors))  Have fun, eat healthier and better tasting, and save money by picking your own locally grown fruit and vegetables, and then using our easy canning and freezing directions!

Organic farms are identified in green!  See our guide to local fruit and vegetable festivals!. Please tell the farms you found them here - and ask them to update their information!!

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How Much of a Fruit or Vegetable Will I Need to Pick?

After you locate a pick-your-own farm near you, the next question that comes to mind is, how much should I pick in order to can, freeze, make jam, etc.? How much jam can I make from 6 quarts of berries?  How much applesauce will 2 bushels make? Then this is the page for you! The conversion and tables below should answer your questions.

I'm always looking for more to add and feedback, so please email me at the address at the bottom of the page!  And if you have a farm and want to add it or correct the information, please click on the link to "add my farm".

Remember to ALWAYS either email, call or click the link to the farm's own website (if they have one) on the morning before you go, to confirm hours, conditions and availability of the specific crops you want!!  

Be sure to also see your state's harvest calendar to know when each crop is usually ready to be picked - just click on your state and look for the harvest calendar / crop availability link.

And if you want simple illustrated, instructions on making and canning many common items, like how to make jam, applesauce, apple butter, spaghetti sauce, salsa, fruit pies, freezing vegetables, putting up peaches, green beans, etc., just click here.


 

Of course, the next logical question is how much does a bushel of a fruit or vegetable produce when canned or frozen?

Weights and Approximate Processed Yields of Common Fruits and Vegetables

 FRUITS
 If you have this much fresh:

 You  should get this much...

Commonly made products

 Canned
 Frozen
Apples
1 bushel 
(42-48 lbs)
1 bushel = 12 to 15 qt. canned applesauce (no sugar added), 14 - 18 with sugar

1 bushel = 10 to 12 qt. juice

12 - 16 quarts
28 - 36 pints
 3 lbs.
1 quart applesauce
1 quart
2 pints
8 medium apples = 2.25 lbs 1 nine-inch apple pie 
or
3 cups of applesauce
1 peck = 10 to 14 lbs
Berries (general)
(except strawberries)
 
24-quart crate
jams, jellies
12 - 18 quarts
32 - 36 pints
5 - 8 cups
Jam

1 quart

 2 - 3 pints
Blackberries

1 quart 
(2 pints)

 Jam 1 pint 3/4 quart
lbs.      
Blueberries 1 quart   1 pint  1 quart
3 lbs.    1 quart  
Cherries 1 quart  jelly, canned cherries 1quart, unpitted 1 quart, unpitted
2 to 2 1/2 lb.   1quart, unpitted  
Grapes 1 bushel juice 16 qt. of juice  
2 quarts jelly 1 quart  
Peaches
1 bushel (48 lbs.)
 
18-24 quarts
32 - 48 pints

 2 - 2.5 lbs

    
 2 pints
Pears
1 bushel (56 lbs.)
 
20-25 quarts
40-50 pints
 2 - 2.5 lbs.
 
1 quart
2 pints
Plums

1 bushel

  24 to 30 qt. canned  
2 to 2 1/2 lb.   1 quart  
Raspberries        
       
Strawberries
24-quart crate
 
12-16 quarts
38 pints
6 - 8 cups
 
1 quart
 2 pints
lbs.      
Tomatoes
1 bushel (53 lbs.)
 
15-20 quarts or 10-12 quarts juice
2.5 - 3 lbs.
 
1 quart canned
 
 VEGETABLES
If you have this much fresh: ...you should get this much :
Canned
Frozen
Asparagus      
3 - 4 lbs 1 quart 3 pints
Beans, Lima
1 bushel (32 lbs.)
6-8 quarts
12-16 pints
4 - 5 lbs.
1 quart
2 pints
Beets      
 3lbs 1 qt. canned  
Beans, Snap
1 bushel (30 lbs.)
15 - 20 quarts
30 - 45 pints
 1.5 - 2 lbs.
1 quart
2 pints
Cabbage      
     
Corn
(Sweet, in husk)
 1 bushel (35 lbs.)
8 - 10 quarts
14 - 17 pints
 6 -16 ears
1 quart
2 pints
Cucumbers    
   
Greens
 1 bushel (18 lbs.)
 6 - 9 quarts
 8 - 12 pints
 2 - 3 lbs.
1 quart
2 pints
Peas, Field
 1 bushel (30 lbs.)
 6 - 7 quarts
 12 - 15 pints
4 - 5 lbs.
1 quart
2 pints
Pumpkins one 10-lb pumpkin 2 quarts  
     
Squash (summer) (zucchini, crookneck, Patty Pan, etc.)       
3 lbs 1 quart  
Squash (winter)
(Hubbard, banana, Acorn, Butternut, Buttercup)
 1 bushel (40 lbs.)
 16 - 20 quarts
 32 - 40 pints
3 lbs. 1 quart  

 

Volumes and Conversions

One of these

...is equal to:

1 Bushel

8 gallons (dry)

32 quarts (dry)

64 pints (dry)

4 pecks

2,150 cubic inches

1 Gallon

4 quarts

8 pints

16 cups

231 cubic inches

1 Quart

32 fluid ounces

58 cubic inches

2 pints

4 cups

1 Pint

16 fluid ounces

29 cubic inches

2 cups

1 Kilo (or kilogram)

2.205 pounds

1 Liter

1.057 quarts (liquid)

Weight per Bushel for Common Fruits and Vegetables

If you like to do a large quantity of canning and once and be done with it for a year, you may want to do what I do, either pick in large quantity, or find the local real farmer's market (like the one in Forest Park, Georgia) and get bulk quantities.  In which case, you need to know, how much is in a bushel of the fruit or vegetables?  this table should help!

 COMMODITY

Approximate weight per bushel, in Pounds

 

 COMMODITY

Approximate weight per bushel, in Pounds

Apples

42 lbs.

Mustard Greens

18 lbs.

Lima Beans (unshelled)

30 lbs.

Onions

57 lbs.

Pole Beans

28 lbs.

Peaches

50 lbs.

Snap Beans

30 lbs.

Field Peas

25 lbs.

Shelled Corn

56 lbs.

Sweet Potatoes (fresh, green)

55 lbs.

Corn (in ear)

70 lbs.

Sweet Potatoes (cured, dry)

50 lbs.

Cowpeas

60 lbs.

Spinach

20 lbs.

Cucumbers

48 lbs.

Tomatoes

53 lbs.

Eggplant

33 lbs.

Turnips (without tops)

54 lbs.

English Peas (in hull)

30 lbs.

Turnip Greens (dry)

16 lbs.

Muscadines

50 lbs.

Turnip Greens (wet)

18 lbs.


This page was updated on

Picking Tips

[General picking tips and a guide to each fruit and vegetable] [How much do I need to pick? (Yields - how much raw makes how much cooked or frozen)] [Selecting the right varieties to pick] [All about apple varieties - which to pick and why!]  [Picking tips for Vegetables] [ Strawberry picking tips] [ Blueberries picking tips]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Illustrated Canning, Freezing, Jam Instructions and Recipes

All About Home Canning, Freezing and Making Jams, Pickles, Sauces, etc. ] [FAQs - Answers to common questions and problems] [Recommended books about home canning, jam making, drying and preserving!] [Free canning publications to download and print]

Home Canning Kits

Features:

Ball Enamel Waterbath Canner, Including Chrome-Plated Rack and 4-Piece Utensil Set

* All the tools you need for hot waterbath canning - in one comprehensive set!
* Complete with 21 1/2 qt. enameled waterbath canner
* Also includes canning rack, funnel, jar lifter, jar wrencher, bubble freer, tongs and lid lifter.
* A Kitchen Krafts exclusive collection.

This is the same type of standard canner that my grandmother used to make everything from applesauce to jams and jellies to tomato and spaghetti sauce. This complete kit includes everything you need and lasts for years: the canner, jar rack, jar grabber tongs, lid lifting wand, a plastic funnel, labels, bubble freer. It's much cheaper than buying the items separately. You'll never need anything else except jars & lids (and the jars are reusable)! There is also a simple kit with just the canner and rack, and a pressure canner, if you want to do vegetables (other than tomatoes). To see more canners, of different styles, makes and prices, click here!
Don't forget the Ball Blue Book!

Lids, Rings, Jars, mixes, pectin, etc.

Need lids, rings and replacement jars?  Or pectin to make jam, spaghetti sauce or salsa mix or pickle mixes?  Get them all here, and usually at lower prices than your local store!

Get them all here at the best prices on the internet!