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If you fall under the Oregon cottage food laws (which is primarily applicable to home-baked breads, cakes, pies, cookies, doughnuts, crackers and hard candies (see complete list here) , then you still must label the food products according to the Oregon requirements. Here are examples, details and label templates to use.
Cottage Food Production Operations must label all of their food products properly, which include the following information on the label of each unit of food product offered or distributed for sale:
If the item is perishable, an expiration date is required.
It is a good idea to submit this label to the Food Safety Program for review before having a quantity printed. There is a handout available that further explains the labeling requirements (electronically available on the website).
The federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004 (FALCPA) requires that foods containing any of the eight major food allergens are clearly labeled on the principal display panel of the food. The eight major allergens are:
There are two labeling options as shown in the diagram above.
Firms that use a stamp or affix a sticker to label their product will usually choose to include the information on the Principal Display Panel only.
All labels shall be in English, with exemptions for other languages as discussed in 21CFR 101.15.
The Principal Display Panel (PDP) is the portion of the package that is most likely to be seen by the consumer at the point of purchase. Although a brand name may appear on the principal display panel, this is voluntary. The PDP must include the product identity and net weight, but may also include the firm's address, nutritional facts and the ingredients if a single panel is used.
The truthful or common name of the product that is contained in the package. This is located in the middle portion of the PDP front label. The product identity must be of dominant and of contrasting type. Artwork or company's logos must not hide or detract from the prominence of the product identity. Minimum type height is 1/16" of a lower case "o".
The net weight must be located in the lower 30% of the PDP. Net weight must appear as a distinct item, separated from other print. The net weight or volume must be in both the US lb/oz (Avoirdupois oz.) and metric scale. "Net Wt. 12 oz (340 g)" for a dry product and "Net 32 fl. oz (1QT) 946 ml" for a liquid product. Minimum type height is 1/16th". In some instances (e.g. pickles and some bakery items) may be sold by count instead of weight. The net weight must be listed as the minimum net weight, not by the average net weight. Note: Net weight is the gross weight minus the tare weight of the packaging. The net weight declaration print size is specific to the size of the area on the principal display panel (21 CFR 101.105(h)(3)(i)(1-4)).
If the principle display panel is:
Less than 5 sq. inches ---------------------1/16" high
5 to 25 sq. inches --------------------- 1/8" high
25 to 100 sq. inches ---------------------3/16" high
100 to 400 sq. inches ---------------------1/4" high
This is the area normally to the right of the principal display panel. On a box, it would be the label on the right side of the package; on a jar it would be directly to the right of the principal display panel. The information panel must contain certain information in the order specified below.
All packaged foods require a nutrition fact statement panel, unless they qualify for an exemption in 21 CFR 101.9 (h-j). Additionally, some small firms may qualify for an exemption of the nutritional facts statement; http://1.usa.gov/1J32fs3 If a nutrition or health claim is made on a packaged food, a nutrition facts panel is required.
This statement is generally located below the nutrition facts and above the manufacturer or distributor information. The ingredients including food colorings and chemical preservatives must be listed in descending order of predominance by weight or volume. If less than 2% by weight, the ingredient can be listed at the end with a statement "contains 2% or less of ___". Without exception, allergens must always be declared regardless of weight, volume or percentage. The ingredient shall be the common or usual name of the ingredient except that certain spices and flavorings need to be declared according to regulation (21CFR 101.22). Spices, such as paprika, turmeric, saffron and others that are also colorings must be declared either by the term 'spice and coloring' or by the actual (common or usual) names, such as 'paprika' (21 CFR 101.22(a)(2)). An ingredient which itself contains two or more ingredients and which has an established common or usual name must be followed by a parenthetical listing of all ingredients contained therein in descending order of predominance.
The place of business is located on the lower portion of the label. The name, street address, city, state and zip code of the food manufacturer or the distributor must be listed. However, the street address may be omitted if it is shown in a current city directory or telephone directory. A telephone number or a website may be listed but is not a requirement. If a person manufactures, packs, or distributes a food at a place other than his principal place of business, the label may state the principal place of business in lieu of the actual place where such food was manufactured or packed or is to be distributed, unless such statement would be misleading. When the person whose name appears on the label does not manufacture the packaged food, the name shall reflect the connection of the person with an appropriate term such as "manufactured by" or "distributed by".
Many manufactured foods may have further requirements, for example:
Due to the complexity of your product, there may be other labeling requirements and options specific to your product. These include the use of colors, flavorings, when to declare water as an ingredient, and the use of the term ‘fresh' . Dietary ingredients include vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and herbs or botanicals, as well as other substances that can be used to supplement the diet. These items have special labeling requirements, and for an overview the following website may be helpful: http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm050803.htm
Here is a free Microsoft Word label template which you can download and edit. These labels are already formatted to fit on Avery Template 22820 Print-to-the-Edge Oval, Labels 2" x 3-1/3", 8 per Sheet, Glossy White. You can get the label stock online (see at right).
If you have questions or need more information, you may contact the Food Safety Program office in Salem at 503-986-4720.
635 Capitol St NE
Salem, OR 97301